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Pool Accident in New York? Know Your Legal Rights and Options 

Swimming pools are an excellent way to relax and spend time with family and friends, particularly during the hot summer months. However, they can also be deadly, resulting in major injuries and, in extreme cases, deaths. If you or a loved one has been injured in a swimming pool in New York, you should know your legal rights and alternatives. This blog will provide you with valuable information on common pool injuries, the immediate steps to take after an accident, and how to seek legal help to ensure you receive the compensation you deserve.

Pool Accident Lawyer in New York?

Common Personal Injuries You May Suffer at a Swimming Pool in New York

Swimming pools can be a source of enjoyment and relaxation, but they additionally present major risks that can cause a variety of injuries. Here are some common personal injuries that you might suffer at a swimming pool:

  • Drowning and Near-Drowning Incidents: Drowning is the most severe sort of pool accident and can lead to death. Near-drowning occurrences are also very hazardous, frequently resulting in long-term brain damage from a lack of oxygen. 
  • Broken Bones and Fractures: Slips and fall accidents can cause shattered bones and fractures, especially in the arms, legs, and hips. Diving into shallow water or falling off diving boards can potentially cause serious bone injuries.
  • Head Injuries: These injuries can range from minor concussions to serious traumatic brain injury (TBI). Hitting one’s head on the pool deck, bottom, or side can have serious and perhaps life-threatening implications.
  • Eye Injuries: Eye injuries can result from a variety of causes, including chemical exposure from improperly balanced pool chemicals or blows to the eyes. Collisions with other swimmers, pool toys, and diving into the water can all cause physical harm.
  • Cuts and Abrasions: Sharp edges, damaged tiles, and debris in and around the pool can result in lacerations and abrasions. Swimmers may come into contact with these hazards when wandering about the pool or swimming underwater. 
  • Electrocution: Faulty wiring or electrical equipment around the pool could lead to electrocution, endangering swimmers. Electrocution can occur as a result of a short circuit or the contact of electrical devices with water. 
  • Infections: Poorly maintained pools can harbor bacteria and other pathogens, resulting in ailments like swimmer’s ear (otitis externa), gastrointestinal issues, and skin infections. 

These typical pool injuries should be properly understood in order to prevent them from occurring and to protect your life as well as the lives of your family and friends as you relax by the pool. However, when such an incident occurs, it is also advisable to have someone look into your legal rights so that you can seek compensation for any damages caused.

Common Causes of Swimming Pool Accidents

Swimming pool accidents can happen for a variety of reasons, most of which are avoidable with basic measures. 

  • Lack of Supervision: Lack of sufficient supervision, particularly for children, is a major cause of swimming pool accidents. Children who cannot swim might easily slip, fall, or walk into deeper water, resulting in drowning or near-drowning accidents. 
  • Lack of Swimming Skills: Individuals who are not proficient swimmers are more likely to drown, particularly in deeper water. Children and adults alike should undergo good swimming training to build the necessary abilities and confidence in the water. 
  • Slips and Falls: Wet surfaces around the pool, such as the deck or tiles, can become significantly slippery, resulting in slips and falls. These unfortunate events can result in a variety of injuries, including minor bruising, serious fractures, sprains, and brain injuries. 
  • Defective Pool Equipment: Malfunctioning pool equipment can create hazardous conditions for swimmers. Defective pumps, drains, and electrical systems pose significant risks. 
  • Inadequate Safety Measures: The absence of adequate security precautions can significantly raise the risk of accidents near swimming pools. This includes inadequate fencing around the pool area, insufficient warning signs, and a lack of safety equipment such as life rings and reaching poles.
  • Alcohol Use: Alcohol consumption around swimming pools can significantly impair judgment and coordination, leading to a higher likelihood of accidents. Swimmers under the influence of alcohol are more prone to risky behaviors, such as diving into shallow water or swimming beyond their capabilities. 

Immediate Steps to Take After a Pool Accident

An accident at a swimming pool might be stressful, but taking prompt and appropriate action can have a big influence on your health, safety, and legal rights. Here are the necessary steps to take if you or a loved one is involved in a pool accident:

  1. Seek Medical Attention: Your health is your primary priority. Seek prompt medical attention, even if the injuries appear minor. Some injuries may not be obvious at first, but if left untreated, they might worsen. For example, an apparently slight head injury could result in a concussion, and water inhalation could cause subsequent drowning.
  2. Report the Accident: Notify the pool owner, manager, or lifeguard about the incident and ensure it is documented. This step is crucial for creating an official record of the accident, which can be important if you decide to pursue a legal claim. Provide a detailed account of what happened, including the time, location, and circumstances of the accident. Ensure that the report includes your contact information and any witnesses’ details.
  3. Gather Evidence: Collecting evidence at the accident scene is critical to proving your claim. Take photographs of the accident scene, focusing on any hazardous factors that may have contributed, such as wet floors, damaged tiles, or faulty equipment. Photograph your injuries as well. This visual proof can be quite useful in demonstrating the source and degree of your injuries.
  4. Collect Contact Information: Obtain contact details from any witnesses to the accident. Witness statements can be vital in supporting your claim by providing an unbiased account of the incident. Be sure to gather names, phone numbers, and email addresses. If possible, ask witnesses to write down what they saw or record a brief statement on your phone. Witness testimonies can corroborate your version of events and strengthen your case.
  5. Preserve Medical Records: Keep any medical reports, bills, and other documents. These records will be necessary for proving your case and calculating your damages. Detailed medical documentation can help determine the severity of your injuries, the treatment needed, and the costs involved.

Following these steps can protect your health and strengthen your position if you decide to pursue legal action for your injuries.

Understanding Your Legal Rights and Options in New York

New York law provides specific protections for individuals injured in swimming pool accidents, ensuring that you have a pathway to seek justice and compensation. Here’s an overview of the key legal concepts and how they apply to pool accidents:

Premises Liability

Premises liability is a legal principle that mandates property owners to be accountable for injuries that arise from hazardous conditions on their premises. This applies to swimming pools that are privately owned or publicly accessible, such as those at community centers, hotels, or apartment complexes. Pool owners in New York are required by law to keep their premises fairly safe. This involves routine maintenance, repairs, and ensuring that safety precautions are in place to avoid accidents.


Negligence is a critical concept in personal injury law. To succeed in a negligence claim, you must prove that the pool owner acted carelessly or failed to take reasonable steps to prevent harm. The elements of a negligence claim include:

  • Duty of Care: The pool owner had a responsibility to ensure a safe environment.
  • Breach of Duty: The owner did not uphold this responsibility, perhaps by failing to fix a known hazard or by not providing adequate supervision.
  • Causation: The owner’s breach of duty directly caused the accident and your injuries.
  • Damages: You suffered actual harm or losses as a result, such as medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, or other damages.

Product Liability

If a defect in pool equipment caused the accident, you might have a product liability claim against the manufacturer, distributor, or retailer of the defective product. Product liability claims can arise from various issues, including design defects, manufacturing flaws, or marketing errors.

Comparative Negligence

New York uses a comparative negligence law, which implies that if you are partially to blame for the accident, your compensation may be reduced by your degree of culpability. For example, if you were determined to be 20% at fault for your injuries because you ignored safety warnings, your compensation would be reduced by 20%. 

When to Take Legal Action for Personal Injuries and Accidents

Legal action for personal injuries and accidents should be taken as quickly as possible after the incident, ideally within a few days or weeks. Prompt action is critical for preserving evidence, completing legal deadlines, and protecting your right to compensation.

In New York, the statute of limitations for personal injury claims is generally three years from the date of the accident. However, consulting with a personal injury lawyer immediately can help ensure that you gather the necessary evidence, properly document your injuries, and navigate the legal complexities to maximize your potential compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

Potential Damages and Compensation for Pool Accident Victims

Victims of pool accidents in New York may be entitled to various types of damages, including:

  • Medical Expenses
  • Lost Wages: Reimbursement for income lost due to the inability to work during recovery.
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Disability and Disfigurement
  • Loss of Consortium

How to Seek Legal Help

To seek legal assistance following a pool accident, begin by researching and contacting skilled personal injury lawyers in your region, ideally those that specialize in premises liability or accidents. Schedule consultations to discuss your situation and get an initial assessment of your alternatives. During these discussions, provide specific details regarding the accident, your injuries, and any communications with insurance firms. Choose a lawyer with a thorough understanding of New York’s personal injury laws and a track record of success in similar matters. Working closely with an experienced attorney can ensure that you receive appropriate direction, advocacy, and representation throughout the legal process, allowing you to secure reasonable compensation for your injuries and losses.

Contact Greenberg & Stein, P.C., New York Personal Injury Lawyers

If you or a loved one has been injured in a swimming pool accident in New York, the experienced personal injury attorneys at Greenberg & Stein, P.C. are here to help. Our dedicated team understands the complexities of pool accident cases and is committed to securing the compensation you deserve. Call us at 212-681-2535 for a free consultation to discuss your case and learn more about your legal options.